Sun exposure and your skin
The Risks of Catching Rays
It feels good to lounge in the sunshine, but it can hurt your health in the long run. Over the years, too much time outdoors can put you at risk for wrinkles, age spots, scaly patches called actinic keratosis, worsen hyperpigmentation, melasma and can cause skin cancer.
SuntanA tan may look nice, but that golden colour is due to an injury to the top layer of your skin.
When your skin expose to sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, it speeds up the aging of your skin and raises your risk of skin cancer. To prevent damage, use a "broad spectrum" sunscreen that is SPF 30 or higher.
Sunburn (First-Degree Burns)When your skin over-exposed to sun without the protection of sunscreen, your skin turns red, it feels hot to the touch, and you may have some mild pain.
It's called a first-degree burn when it affects only the outer layer of your skin. To get some relief from pain, take aspirin or ibuprofen. Try a cold compress, or apply some moisturizing cream or aloe.
Sunburn (Second Degree)A second-degree sunburn damages deep layers of your skin and nerve endings. It's usually more painful and takes longer to heal.
You may have redness and swelling. If blisters form, don't break them. They might get infected.
WrinklesThe sun's rays can make you look old. Ultraviolet light in daylight damages the fibres in your skin called elastin. When that happens, it begins to sag and stretch.
Uneven Skin ToneToo much sun causes some areas of your skin to appear darker, while others look lighter. It can also make permanent changes in small blood vessels, which gives you a reddish look in places.
FrecklesYou get these on areas of your body that are exposed to the sun. They are small spots of pigmentation.
Some skin cancers in the earliest stages can look like one. You may need to consult a doctor to determine the nature of the pigmented spots.
MelasmaThis shows up as dark or brown patches on your cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. It's common among women who are pregnant, but men can get it too.
It may go away after your pregnancy ends, but you can also treat it with prescription creams and over-the-counter products.
Use sunscreen at all times if you have melasma, because sunlight can make it worse.
Age Spots (Solar Lentigines)These pesky brown or gray areas aren't really caused by aging, though more of them show up on your body as you get older. You get them from being out in the sunlight. They often appear on your face, hands, and chest.
Whitening creams, acid peels, Retin-A products, and light and laser treatments can make them less obvious. They don't harm your health, but check with your doctor to make sure they're not something more serious, like skin cancer.
Actinic Keratosis (Solar Keratosis)These red, brown, or skin-coloured patches are small and scaly. You get them from being out in the sunlight too much. They usually show up on your head, neck, or hands, but they can also appear on other parts of your body.
They can sometimes turn into squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer.
Actinic CheilitisThis usually appears on the lower lip, and you may have scaly patches, dryness and cracking, or swelling.
The sharp border-line between your lip and skin may also disappear.
It may turn into squamous cell carcinoma if it's not treated
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
This type of skin cancer may show up as a firm red bump, a scaly growth that bleeds or gets a crust, or a sore that doesn't heal. It most often happens on your nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands, and other areas that get a lot of sun.
Squamous cell carcinoma can be cured if you get treated early.
Bowen DiseaseThis is a type of skin cancer that's on the surface of your skin. Your doctor may also call it squamous cell carcinoma "in situ."
Unlike "invasive" squamous cell carcinoma, Bowen disease is early stage of skin cancer and it doesn't spread to the inside of your body. It looks like scaly, reddish patches that may be crusted.
Basal Cell CarcinomaThis is the most common form of skin cancer, and it's the easiest to treat.
Basal cell carcinoma spreads slowly. The tumours can take on many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck, or face.
A tumour can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-coloured or brown patch on your back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar.
MelanomaIt's not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it's the most serious. Possible signs include a change in the way a mole or coloured area looks.
Melanoma can affect the skin only, or it may spread to organs and bones. It can be cured if you get early treatment.
CataractThis is a cloudy area in the lens of your eye. It's painless, but it may cause foggy vision, glare from light, and seeing double. You can help prevent cataracts by wearing a hat and sunglasses when you're in the sun.
Sun ProtectionThe best way to avoid sunburn, wrinkles, skin cancer, and other damage is to stay out of the sunlight, especially between 10 am and 2 pm, when the sun's rays are strongest.
If you need to be outside, use sunscreen, wear a hat and sunglasses, and cover up your skin with clothing.
If you see any changes to a mole or you spot a new growth or a sore that won't heal, see your doctor right way.
For more information on any skin condition, please make an appointment with our doctor: For appointment, please call Aileen at +60192220623.
You can visit us at our aesthetic clinics at IOI CITY MALL or KAJANG. We have wide range of cleansers, creams and medications for various type of skin diseases.
Our centres have many good and effective sunscreens to help protect your skin from been damage by sunlight.
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